Tuesday, 17 October 2017

The Code of Honour of the SS - Who May Marry Young?


Source: SS Leitheft, February 1944

When the young SS men in the room got to talking about girls, it was usually not very proper. Today it was different. It was a serious conversation and remained so. That was because an older roommate had been given a book for Christmas, which contained various serious life wisdoms, some of which he passed along to the younger fellows to ponder. It was a book by the 80 year old Lower Saxon author Gustav Frenssen entitled „Vorland“. The author meant the not yet won land in front of the dikes, the „new land“, but beyond that also the racial and moral future of our folk.

Hans, the older comrade, caught the youngsters - who often spoke frivolously about women and love - at a favourable hour. It was Sunday after lunch, the time of the „quite before the storm“ before they went to town. Hans first read this to them:

„The young T. wanted to marry and said to a friend: I have a cousin with 3 000 Marks’. Then he went off and married her, the young B. and his friend saw two girls walking in front of them on the way to the dance. They decided his friend would take the short one for dancing and wine and he would take the tall one, whom he later married. The young S. desired a wife; One day he saw an open window and wound up marrying the girl who had left it open. The young R. initially yearned for the neighbour on the left, but when she ran away from him, he took the one on the right. That which comes together in this manner is called a sacrament by the catholic church - in good German that means a secret of God’s will. The Protestants say: ’What God has put together...’ I think these are simple coincidences - and half of them unfortunate ones - which happen to young people who are not properly taught by parents or teachers or state, and who themselves, although grown up, have not opened their eyes.“

„You all go to the village every Sunday”, Hans turned and said to them, „and if the sergeant-major wasn’t there, you would run off to the women every day, whom who do not even particularly respect, with few exceptions. Just remember the circumstances of how you met, and if by your doing you can extract from the villagers the judgement: The SS men know what they want with girls. They do not just want..., rather they are also selective and have taste and a sense of cleanliness, which is half of character.

- This or that quality, otherwise, ‘Thanks’.“

Hans had cut them down to size. But he had also matured them inwardly at the same time. They then offered criticism based on what they knew of each other. The ones that more or less passed the test enjoyed letting the „caught ones“ have it in a joking manner. The „offenders“ allowed their Sunday hair to be messed up without resistance or to get their cars rubbed even redder than they already were from embarrassment Hans was pleased about the good heart of the youths, which could be influenced by energetic words.

„Now listen to this passage“, he said, and he read another section:

„The young man, even the deeper and more serious one, is between the age of 24 and 28 - when he selects his partner for the rest of his life - in his being still not mature, still unaware of his own essence, and still does not know life and the world. Everyone who knows the entire human life knows that a man of 37 is a totally different one than a man of 27“

„Since it is so, - according to Frenssen - the 27 year old makes the most important decision of his life - most important decision of his life... do you know what that is? - and usually does not recognize the really valuable young women, those who stand there in simple colours, pretty, strong, quit and deep, created by nature and race specially to be the mothers and upbreeders of our race; rather they much more tend, according to their immature nature, toward the ones who colourfully glitter with small talents and tricks, who approach them with small, superficial charms.”

„When these men of the most valuable kind, married, mature in the course of years, they recognize, more clearly from year to year, the kind of women who are valuable, yearn for and desire them, or soon have secret love affairs. And these valuable girls on the other hand, since they experience that they are not selected by the young men, and themselves cannot and do not want to live without love, and are, according to their own valuable nature, attracted to these valuable, mature men, go along with their desire of love. And so, in this manner, do on the one hand these valuable men live in ruined marriages, which greatly hurts their productivity, and on the other hand these valuable women either live without love in constant discontent or remain (most of them) during the entire blossom and fertile period of their life a childless loved one. This condition is full of problems from the human standpoint, and from the folkish one of great harm’’

„Full of problems from the human standpoint, and from the folkish one of great harm“, Hans repeated with emphasis.

After he had finished, it remained quiet for a while. But then one spoke up: „But we cannot wait that long? How old are you, Hans? Late thirties? That’s almost middle age! The Reichsführer SS, however, wishes us to marry young!“

“I expected this objection”, Hans replied. “The author Frenssen did not mean that one should not marry before 37, rather he wants the young man to make every effort, as early as possible, to become conscious of the real human values, which naturally goes hand in hand with you working on yourselves, innerly and outwardly, and with strictly observing yourselves. ‘Man, become essential!’ did an important man once say.

„Do you think that the Reichsführer wanted you to marry young so you could marry dumb? And so that you open your eyes afterward? Do you think the Reichsführer gave you a license for frivolity? You would be deceiving yourselves. It is a letter of trust! The Reichsführer thinks that you as SS men are worthy and mature enough to fight for Germany, and if necessary to die. But if that can be demanded of you, then you can also be trusted to give Germany new life. The Reichsführer does not mean to endorse each primitive love affair. He thinks, when he wishes you early marriage, about Germany, about children, but he also thinks above all about the worth of these children! If we today have hundreds of Oak Leave recipients, thousands of Knights Cross recipients and hundreds of thousands of other decorated soldiers - in addition to the crude material, which we also have - then just ponder where all that comes from! You are today as your parents created you, and that means as your parents were. The future boys and girls, men and women, will be as you breed them, that means as you are and as your girls are, too.

And since the time of a soldier in war does not allow waste, so must you not throw away your time. - Can you talk with your girls seriously about such things, like I now speak with you? If not, if they are too dumb or soft for it, that gladly let them go. - But if they become serious and quiet when you tell them this, and if they look into your eyes, then something is there. But never stop testing them and hence yourselves again and again.”

One of the young fellows said: “I find it very difficult to properly solve this most important life decision of the right choice of wife. And so I find Frenssens’ idea of only marrying late really good.“ Then the passes were brought into the room.

„Get ready, boys“, Hans exclaimed, „We have the same path for a ways, so we can finish our conversation.”

They walked out of the barracks into the open air. Fresh snow had fallen and the land smelled very pure. They walked together down a hill on which their quarters were located, in front of it a richly integrated landscape whose undying life lie protected under a crystal snow blanket.

“There is no doubt that precisely the Nordic man matures later than the man of the east or of the south, especially if by maturity one also means maturity of character, spirit and solidness. Body and soul are, according to our belief, in essence one and hence belong together. In and of itself a later marriage is natural for the valuable Nordic man. But I do not need to tell you that we today stand in the most difficult struggle for our racial existence since the beginning of the history of our folk. Our parents and grandparents generally had too few children, hostile folks on the other hand four or five times as many! And now within half a century a second war already takes sacrifice from our blood stream. So, we must shorten the time span between generations. We have no choice and no otherwise so understandable considerations should prevent this. We must, on the contrary, aim for the young man, already early, to know and take his duty seriously. And we accomplish it through mutual help in this task. Those of like character among the old and the young must stand by one another with advice and with action. The first is, of course, of the most passionate interest to you yourselves, namely the recognition that the task of wife selection is the one thing that is really important, so that everything else goes right by itself. The foundation of wife selection, however, is equality of birth, that means belonging to the same breed, and within the breed or race also compatibility in the most important traits of character and of spirit.“

„Youth today at 20, but also because of time-determined reasons; is so unclear and undecided in questions of love and marriage“, Hans continued. „But how can that be different as long as the media has been swamped for so long with so many frivolous notions about these things in order to satisfy the curiosity and lust of the thoughtless masses? Can it be different if our girls paint themselves and give themselves airs after the example of film starlets? Can it be different as long as the German boy thinks his girl must look just like this or that movie starlet, and vice versa, if the German girl selects her ‘type’ from the movie stars? Can youth understand what Nordic feeling between boy and girl, between man and woman, is, if all day long it only babbles and whistles stupid hit songs, hums and slouches instead of singing German love songs, dancing German and nurturing a lively, German social life? Only when we once again have a common, natural folk culture and a natural community life - cleansed of the foreign - in the clans, villages and towns, when everything works together to promote and to watch over the proper love of the youth of the folk, when marriage celebrations again become meaningful folk celebrations, then will even the youths at 20 probably pretty much know what they should love and what they should avoid, and they will also know what responsibility toward ancestors, equality of birth and upbreeding are. And they will find the same ideas among their relatives and acquaintances, just like it was with our ancestors millennia ago. Read in the sagas, there you have the ‘images of better times’ of which our loyalty song sings! You are called upon to again awaken these sunken images to new life in that you produce children of SUCH worth, with whom alone the emergence of such a Nordic-formed culture can be achieved. And do not forget, for that you need mothers who can succeed in raising the children in the spirit of such a culture and in preserving the living folklore that belongs with it.“

Hans was finished with his Sunday sermon. He stopped and the group did so with him. They looked into the distance, and then they discovered the snow nearby. Their warm hands grabbed in, and soon the snowballs were flying.

After an intense snowball fight they said good-bye and went their various ways. One of the young fellows remained with Hans, and both of them probably touched on many more questions.

- J. Mayerhofer

Saturday, 14 October 2017

Thursday, 12 October 2017

Die Deutsche Wochenschau – Newsreel No. 627 – 08 September 1942


- Afrika Korps Advance into Egypt;
- Battle for Stalingrad;
- Seizure of Mount Elbrus Weather Station;
- Atlantic and Channel Coast Defenses.

Monday, 9 October 2017

Adolf Hitler - opening speech at the new Winterhilfswerk - 12.10.1937


(Excerptions)

Deutschlandhalle, Berlin, October 5, 1937

German Volksgenossen!

You have just been given an idea of last year’s accomplishments of the greatest social aid society of all time. It is gigantic in its scope and enormous in the depth of its effects. I believe that the reward for all who are working in this society lies in the success of the work itself.

Sometimes when I see shabbily dressed girls, shivering with cold themselves, collecting with infinite patience for others who are cold, then I have the feeling that they are all apostles of a certain Christianity! This is a Christianity which can claim for itself as no other can: this is the Christianity of a sincere profession of faith, because behind it stands not the word, but the deed! With the aid of this tremendous society, countless people are being relieved of the feeling of social abandonment and isolation. Many are thus regaining the firm belief that they are not completely lost and alone in this world, but sheltered in their Volksgemeinschaft; that they, too, are being cared for, that they, too, are being thought of and remembered. And beyond that: there is a difference between the theoretical knowledge of socialism and the practical life of socialism. People are not born socialists, but must first be taught how to become them.

People in the bourgeois era before us insured themselves against everything: against fire, against theft, against hailstorms, against burglary, etc.-but they forgot one kind of insurance, insurance against lack of political madness, insurance against lack of political common sense, that first tears a Volk asunder and then allows it to become powerless to fulfill its lifetasks. And this one omission made all the other types of insurance pointless.

We, however, place at the fore of all types of insurance the insurance of the German Volksgemeinschaft! It is for this we are paying our donation, and we know that it will be reimbursed a thousand times over! For as long as this Volksgemeinschaft remains inviolate, nothing can threaten us! Therein lies the guarantee for the future not only of the life of the nation, but hence of the existence of every individual as well.

Therefore, it is just to demand from each individual a premium corresponding to his income. Wanting to establish a general lump sum for this premium is a sign of an indecent cast of mind. The little old woman who sacrifices five or ten pfennigs in Moabit or somewhere out in the country casts in more than someone who puts in one hundred or one thousand or perhaps ten thousand marks. Had our so-called intellectual classes initiated these premium payments prior to the war, a certain amount of misfortune could later have been avoided.

May God forbid that Fate puts us to the utmost test once again. Yet even then-that is something we know-millions of Germans would be willing to immediately and unconditionally make this last sacrifice to the nation, the eternal Volk. What is this sacrifice we are making today in comparison? Above all, do your duty in being mindful of those millions who once did their duty for all.

Friday, 6 October 2017

The SS-Postschutz (Postal Guard)

Published in „Siegrunen“ Magazine - Vol. 7, No. 5, Number 42,
January - March 1987

The SS-Postschutz was a formation of distinctly confused character, part of and yet separate from the Allgemeine and Waffen-SS. Its indistinct status can be blamed to a large extent on bureaucratic and political infighting and the strong wills of Dr. Ing. Ohnesorge, the Minister of Posts and SS-Ogruf. Gottlob Berger, head of the SS Main Personnel Office.

In 1933, the new National-Socialist German government appointed Dr. Ohnesorge as Minister of Posts (Reichspostminister). Ohnesorge had served as a communications advisor to Gen. Ludendorff in WWI, and was quite an inventor and innovator, holding no fewer than 42 patents for devices of his own creation. One of his first acts upon assuming office was the creation of a voluntary „Postschutzes“ (Postal Guard), to guarantee the security of the mail along with telegram, telephone and radio communications, all of which came under Ohnesorge’s charge. Previously functions of this nature had been carried out in part by the German Railway Service.

Postal Guard members were recruited from among Army veterans who had joined the Postal Service. To handle the military functions of the Guard, some 15 major „protective districts“ were set up throughout Germany, each jointly run by a postal official and a protective police (Schutzpolizei) Major. Once this arrangement was in place, Ohnesorge used members of the Guard to help him set up a pet project: a special research bureau in Prague. This bureau was effectively a laboratory where Dr. Ohnesorge carried out his own experiments in listening devices, laser-like light beams, and methods for photographing objects through obstructions like clouds.

Commencing in the autumn of 1935, the Postal Guard developed a working relationship with the Wehrmacht (Reichswehr) and as of 13 March 1936, was structured firmly on military lines and regulations. Adolf Hitler was personally unaware of Ohnesorge’s Postal Guard for some time, and when he finally did learn about it he was mildly amused, stating: „Everyone has to have their own uniform, everyone has to have their own Army!“ Actually, to help train and equip his private army, Ohnesorge had quietly secured three obsolete paramilitary training schools that had been abandoned when the 100,000 German Army once again began to expand, and he had managed to covertly build up first-class sources of supplies and equipment for his men.

At the outbreak of WWII, the Army High Command (OKW) banned the wearing of all field-gray uniforms by all „non-combatants “, including the Postal and Railroad Guards. The only way to get around this directive was to subordinate the outfit directly to the Army, which indeed happened with the Railroad Guard. Doctor Ohnesorge, however, did not want this intrusion into his own domain, and he resisted this approach and began looking around for support elsewhere. He quickly found out that various police agencies were most eager to take over the Postal Guard, but this posed an ethical problem, since subordination of the Guard to a police agency would compromise the privacy of mails and communications. For this reason, Ohnesorge opposed the police takeover efforts and he was supported in this by Adolf Hitler, who now owed a special debt to him. With the help of his research facilities and Postal Guard, Ohnesorge had developed a special listening post in Holland which was able to eavesdrop on all of the secret Transatlantic telephone conversations between Churchill and Roosevelt, the texts of which all reached the Fuehrer within 24 hours via a special Postal Guard courier.

In any event, Dr. Ohnesorge was able to keep the Postal Guard functioning as an independent military force. In 1940 he linked the Guard to the Waffen-SS for support and administrative purposes, while maintaining full control over it. This eliminated the threat of Army or Police takeover. But by 1942, with the war in full swing, it was clear that the Postal Guard had become a „combative force “. While protecting mail busses in frontier areas or occupied territories (South Steiermark, Croatia, South East Prussia, Poland), Guardsmen had increasingly come under terrorist attack with resultant high casualties. It was clear that the military role of the Postal Guard had to be expanded, and among other things, Dr. Ohnesorge wanted Guardsmen to arm and train all postal employees, who voluntarily sought such assistance, so that they would not be vulnerable targets.

In order to assume its increased duties, the Guard had to be reorganized and needed to obtain additional armaments and support services. To achieve this, it had to become a part of the SS organization proper, and Dr. Ohnesorge gave increased jurisdiction over it to Ogruf. Berger at the SS Main Office. In return for more control of the Guard, Berger saw to it that new carbines, machine-pistols, automatic weapons and machine guns were distributed to Guard troops as needed. The Guard also adopted Waffen-SS uniforms and its title was officially changed to SS-Postschutz.

For all that, the exact status of the organization remained unclear. Doctor Ohnesorge was still the overall commander, and most of the Guard members never joined any branch of the SS, although quite a few of them were members of the Allgemeine or General SS. To further complicate matters, two sub-units of the Postal Guard were, however, considered official formations of the Waffen-SS on the grounds that they were entirely composed of Postal Guardsmen who had volunteered for duty with the Waffen-SS. These units were:

1. „Fronthilfe Deutsche Reichspost“ - SS-Kraftfahrstaffel (SS Motor Vehicle Staff).

2. „SS-Sicherungs-Bataillon Deutsches Reichspost“ (a security battalion with four companies).

SS-Ogruf. Gottlob Berger.

 SS-Postschutz (Postal Guard] on parade before the Reich Postminister Wilhelm Ohnesorge.

The „Fronthilfe Deutsche Reichspost“ consisted of Postal Service volunteers who conveyed replacement soldiers and wounded ones to and from the frontlines in postal vehicles, and the Postal Service volunteers who were also members of the Waffen-SS served in their own special unit.

On 14 February 1945, Reichsführer-SS Himmler certified that only members of the above two mentioned sub-units of the Postal Guard came under SS and Police jurisdiction, however, the Postal Guard was considered a „Police Auxiliary for Special Purposes,“ and disciplinary cases could be handled by the SS and Police, although in actuality few, if any, ever were. Towards the end of the war Postal Guard members were simply incorporated into local Volkssturm (Home Guard) units.

It should be noted that on at least one occasion, SS-Ogruf. Berger used his nominal control of the Postal Guard to benefit one of his longtime friends and comrades, Staf. Dr. Oskar Dirlewanger. When Dirlewanger’s SS Penal Rgt. was being reformed in 1944, Berger saw to it that radio communications specialists from the Postal Guard were transferred into it to form a signals unit. Given the poor reputation of Dirlewanger’s Regiment it was probably not an assignment that they relished!

 Reich Postminister Ohnesorge with Ogruf. Berger at the ceremony marking the transfer of the Postal Guard to the Waffen-SS.

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Celebration of the Thanksgiving Day in Bückeberge, 1937


The Reich Harvest Thanksgiving Festival (German: Das Reichserntedankfest) was a monumental National-Socialist celebration of the peasantry and the German farmers. The festivals ran from 1933 to 1937 on the Bückeberg, a hill near the town of Hamelin. Most festivals occurred every October, with the 1934 festival commencing 30 September. The official purpose of the festival was the recognition of the achievements of the German farmers, whom the National-Socialists called the Reichsnährstand (the Reich’s Food Estate). The celebration was also used by the National-Socialists to demonstrate the connection between Adolf Hitler and the German people. The festival was part of a cycle of National-Socialist celebrations which included the annual party rally at Nuremberg, Adolf Hitler’s birthday celebrations and other important events on the National-Socialist calendar.

In 1937, the festival was attended by about 1.2 million people, culminating with Adolf Hitler walking through the Führerweg (Führer’s way) to the harvest monument, in the form of an altar, to receive the harvest crown from the Farmers’ Estate on behalf of the German people. The festival was attended by more people than any other National-Socialist ceremony or ritual activity, including the party rally at Nuremberg.

In addition to its agricultural theme, the festival was used by the National-Socialists to increase the contact of the Führer with the masses and to demonstrate the Reich’s military prowess. From 1935, Wehrmacht staged mock battles at the festival with the participation of up to 10,000 soldiers, airplanes and panzers. In 1933, during his inaugural speech at the festival, Hitler announced the passage of a new law, the Reichserbhofgesetz, the State Hereditary Farm Law, which provided safeguards for the integrity of ownership of some family farms.

Location

The location of the hill near Hamelin was chosen for political, historical and infrastructure reasons. Hamelin, a town in Lower Saxony, was an urban centre which had the infrastructure to support mass gatherings of such size. In addition, National-Socialist support in the region was high. The National-Socialists also made frequent mentions of the historic struggles of the Germanic tribes which had settled the area. The nearby Weser River was referred to as the „most German of all rivers“. The Weser region was also significant for the National-Socialists, and appealed to their mysticism, because it was believed that it was there that Arminius had defeated the Romans and Saxon leader Widukin had defeated Charlemagne’s army.

Construction

Dr. Joseph Goebbels chose Albert Speer as the designer of the grounds. The initial design of the place opted for simplicity to better reflect the rural roots of the celebration. Two stages were erected which were connected by a long corridor. A circular area featuring thousands of flagpoles was also constructed. The inaugural celebrations in 1933 were met with success and this led Dr. Goebbels to the idea of converting the grounds to a „Germanic cult place“ (Reichsthingstätte). Additions included a monument which was to last for eternity, construction of new roads, renovations of existing train stations and the construction of a new Führerbahnhof which was Adolf Hitler’s own train station purpose-built for his arrival during the celebrations. The new design was also created by Speer.

Celebrations

As part of the celebrations, choirs consisting of thousands of singers sang nationalist anthems while pictures of distinguished farmers were distributed to the crowds. The most anticipated moment of the celebration was the arrival of the Führer at noon, followed by Adolf Hitler walking on the Führerweg (Führer’s way) toward the monument where a peasant woman at the altar awarded him the harvest crown. The 600-metre procession took the Führer 45 minutes to complete due to frequent stops to meet and greet the crowd.

In 1938, most of the preparations for the festival were finalised when the plans were abruptly cancelled due to logistical problems caused by the pending returning of the Sudetenland aria to Germany which necessitated the use of trains to move military materiel to the border rather than transporting peasants to Bückeberg to attend the celebrations.


Saturday, 30 September 2017

Artworks by Arno Breker

Part I

Adolf Hitler

 Bereitschaft (Readiness)

Richard Wagner

Der Künder (The Prophet)

Anmut (Gracefulness)

Der Fahnenträger (The Standard Bearer)

Psyche

Die Vergeltung (The Revenge)

Flora

Apollo und Daphne